The Arctic is warming at twice the rate of the global average. Among many repercussions, scientists have observed a dramatic decline of sea ice over the last few decades. This report seeks to describe to a broader public the current state of Arctic sea ice, explain why this is of great concern to global prosperity, and shed light on the ensuing geopolitical implications.
Sophia Matthews (20) is a Canadian student pursuing her Bachelor’s degree at Brown University – an Ivy League research university in Providence, Rhode Island, USA. She studies international relations and environmental science, but her academic interests also include human rights and refugees, environmental economics, and foreign language.
The Norwegian Climate Foundation and the Nansen Scientific Society share a common goal: to publish, support, and circulate publications that examine climate and its impact on human society. In this joint project we have had the pleasure to engage Sophia Matthews, a Canadian student at Brown University in the United States. Supported by a Nansen Fellowship from the Nansen Scientific Society, Sophia completed this report over the course of an internship at the Norwegian Climate Foundation’s office in Bergen, Norway. This report reflects her findings and opinions on the geopolitical implications of Arctic sea ice melt.
We would like to thank everyone who has contributed to this project, and in particular, Sophia, who has worked hard and purposefully throughout this short internship period.
Bergen, September 3rd 2019
Lars-Henrik Paarup Michelsen
Ola M. Johannessen
Nansen Scientific Society